Linking Ethnic Data from Africa (LEDA)

With Carl Müller-Crepon and Nils-Christian Bormann.

We provide data and tools to link information from 11 data sets on African ethnicities. We match more than 8100 ethnic categories from individual-level surveys, geographic polygon data, and expert-coded lists to the Ethnologue linguistic trees and provide software that allows researchers to create binary links or linguistic distance measures between any two data sets or ethnic categories. Check out the LEDA GitHub page ( for our R package and further information.

Visualise (PNG)